After the Brief History of Mexico

Written by Alfonso Elizondo

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If we analyze objectively Mexico’s five-hundred year history, three hundred as a Spanish colony and two hundred as a sovereign nation, we may arrive at some startling conclusions:

 

1- The majority of Mexico’s different aboriginal ethnic groups had a collective myth telling them about the existence of a divine power that made all decisions and that it was coming from the outside and was of a different race from theirs, with white skin and blue eyes . This belief is known as the myth of Quetzalcoatl which was associated with the myth of Tlaloc, the god of rain and fertility, as well as two other minor deities, Chalchiuhticue, goddess of lakes and rivers and her husband Huehuetótl, the god of fire.

 

2. Nearly all the indigenous ethnic groups that existed in Mexico at the start of the Conquest were descended from the Olmecs who were the first to arrive in Mesoamerica. Out of their migration to the center of the country, towards the southeast and the north emerged the diverse ethnic groups of Mexico and Central America. Most outstanding among them all were the Teotihuacans who were able to form the most organized indigenous population in Mesoamerica, a very peaceful people with great productive capacity, in the first centuries of the first millennium.

 

3. From the Olmecs also came the Mayans, the Toltecs, the Mixtecs, the Zapotecs, and almost all the ethnic groups that inhabited southern and central Mexico, with the exception of the Purépechas (Tarascos), about whom there is still no knowledge of exactly how they reached Mexico.

 

4. What is disconcerting is the fact that about one hundred Spaniards, who mostly came from prison or were chattel or galley slaves, succeeded in conquering a nation of more than four million indigenous people who could have liquidated them as soon as they reached the Mexican coast in Veracruz.

 

5. There can be no explanation of how not a single one of the 63 viceroys in New Spain and the countless  clergymen who came to evangelize thought that the indigenous people had a brain similar to that of all human beings and that they were being treated like beasts of burden. The person who finally expressed his doubt about this to his superiors, Fray Junípero de la Serra, was exiled from the country and wandered through the south of what is now the United States, ending up in California where he died.

 

6. It was obvious that the main reason for the material success of the large landowners and the ecclesial patriarchs who lived in New Spain was the fact that they had enslaved the indigenous people and the operational cost of their businesses was zero, given that the indigenous people were barely fed with the leftover crumbs of the landowners and the fruits, vegetables and animals they found in the area where they lived.

 

7. This explains why in three hundred years of colonialism only two important figures emerged in the field of Literature, that is, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz and Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, one important architect, Manuel de Tolsá, Manuel del Río, an occasional scientist who discovered vanadium and Pedro Romero de Terreros, a circumstantial philanthropist who was the founder of the National Monte Pío and creator of microcredit worldwide.

 

8. Many of the traditions and institutions that still form part of the collective culture of the present society emerged during the viceroyalty.

 

9. When the French invaded and dominated the Spanish monarchy in the Napoleonic era, a political crisis developed in New Spain, ending with the removal of the viceroy Iturrigaray through a plot orchestrated by the religious hierarchy and the landowners. And although there were conspiracies in other regions of the viceroyalty, they were all violently suppressed.

 

10.  On September 16, 1810, the priest from the town of Dolores in Guanajuato, Miguel Hidalgo and Costilla, called for a revolt of the faithful and that was the genesis of the War of Independence and the abolition of slavery. This insurgent movement was continued by José María Morelos y Pavón who declared the Independence of North America in 1815 and created the First Constitution which was promulgated in Apatzingán. Both national heroes were shot by conservative forces: Hidalgo in 1811 and Morelos in 1815.

 

 

Addendum: I will leave the history of the colony and continue with an analysis of Mexico from independence until the present day.

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The Twilight of the Nation-State (I)

The Twilight of the Nation-State (I)

Category: Articles The Twilight of the Nation-State (I) Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Friday, August 19, 2016, 10:09 Views: 2094     The exponential growth of the global population and population ageing pose serious problems in terms of both the satisfaction of basic needs and the...

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On China’s Five-Year Plan

On China’s Five-Year Plan

Category: Articles On China’s Five-Year Plan Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Tuesday, August 16, 2016, 11:14 Views: 14   China’s new Five-Year Plan for the next 5 years was approved just a few days ago by the Central Committee of the Communist Party. This...

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Brief History of the Olympics

Brief History of the Olympics

Category: Articles Brief History of the Olympics Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Monday, August 15, 2016, 9:52 Views: 1107       Although the first Olympic Games were very different from what they are today, the basic objective of celebrating victory in sports peacefully still remains. In...

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ICT in Cibersociety

ICT in Cibersociety

Category: Articles ICT in Cibersociety Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Monday, August 8, 2016, 15:27 Views: 775   New Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) play a decisive role in production and current social development. In developed and developing countries, the problems have been seen...

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A View of the Current Crisis

A View of the Current Crisis

Category: Articles A View of the Current Crisis Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Thursday, August 4, 2016, 13:08 Views: 2093     Many factors have contributed to the fact that the world today is going through a major crisis, both politically and economically. In trying to...

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God bless America

God bless America

Category: Articles God bless America Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Friday, 29 July 2016; 13:37 Views: 8   For those who have not had the experience of living in the United States for extended periods to be able to share or at least perceive the...

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Has Fascism returned to the West?

Has Fascism returned to the West?

Category: Articles Has Fascism returned to the West? Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Wednesday, July 27, 2016, 10:21 Views: 25   Almost one century after the rise of Fascism in the West there is talk again right now about that controversial social phenomenon, while thousands...

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World Economy Heading towards Outer Spac…

World Economy Heading towards Outer Space

Category: Articles World Economy Heading towards Outer Space Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Thursday, July 21, 2016, 12:47 Views: 430 According to recent publications by the journal Global Research, the global economy is now in a process of transformation and the billionaire elite are...

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The New Digital Society

The New Digital Society

Category: Articles The New Digital Society Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Tuesday, July 19, 2016, 17:44 Views: 1342   Apart from all the criticism of the new world of globalization and ICT (Information and Communications Technology) as the cause of inequality, displacement, cultural uniformity, disturbance...

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Criticisms of the Modern State

Criticisms of the Modern State

  Criticisms of the Modern State   Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Thursday, July 7, 2016, 9:38 Views: 43     With the emergence of the bureaucracy of the Modern State, certain flaws began to appear in the political administration of societies, regardless of whether their style...

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What will happen in Europe?

What will happen in Europe?

What will happen in Europe? Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Friday, July 1, 2016,18:11 Views: 1898     According to an article in the British newspaper The Telegraph, published on July 1 this year, Europe is slowly dying even though there is an increase in...

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Possible Geopolitical Effects of Brexit

Possible Geopolitical Effects of Brexit

Possible Geopolitical Effects of Brexit Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Monday, June 27, 2016, 16:48 Views: 3633   According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union (EU) could make its economy contract by 5% by 2019. According...

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Decline of the Western Political Model

Decline of the Western Political Model

There are many factors that came into play to cause the decline of the model of federal republican democracy that began to be established in Europe and then in America in the late eighteenth century. Although the French Empire was the...

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Geopolitics and Art in Europe

Geopolitics and Art in Europe

  This last trip to Europe was completely puzzling to me because I could see two current social phenomena at the same time: on the one hand, the imminent breakup of the European Union that is being precipitated by the departure...

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Florence

Florence

There is no doubt that the most beautiful jewel of the Renaissance is the spectacular city of Florence where one can find the monuments and most important art works produced by this unexpected cultural phenomenon between the late fourteenth century...

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From Paris to Rome

From Paris to Rome

Moving from Paris to Rome is equivalent to traveling from the First to the Third World. While the city of Paris has a very advanced tourism system and the maintenance of its streets, parking lots, buildings and monuments can be...

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Europe is in crisis

Europe is in crisis

This last visit to Paris in early June was a total contradiction: on the one hand it shows that the mechanisms for promoting tourism are still working perfectly and the rate of tourist visits to the beautiful city not only...

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The Dangerous Decline of the US

The Dangerous Decline of the US

According to eminent American linguist and activist Noam Chomsky, the United States has always been a colonizing society. Even before becoming a State it was already eliminating the native population, which meant the destruction of many indigenous nations. Chomsky argues...

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The New Multipolar World Order

The New Multipolar World Order

  The New Multipolar World Order  Written by Alfonso Elizondo  Created on Friday, May 20, 2016; 17:50 The world today consists of two blocks of countries: those that are under the control of neoliberalism and states with mixed economies. There are several geopolitical conditions...

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Brief History of Mexico

Brief History of Mexico

Brief History of Mexico Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Wednesday, May 18, 2016, 14:37   The graph that appears in this article has been published with data provided by INEGI and contains the official figures for murders committed on Mexican soil per 100,000...

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Twentieth Century: Art in Motion

Twentieth Century: Art in Motion

Twentieth Century: Art in Motion Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Monday, 16 May 2016 11:33       After photography, the big innovation in the artistic world was film, when the attempt was made to put movement into the frozen image of photographs. In the...

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Romanticism and Realism

Romanticism and Realism

  Romanticism and Realism Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Saturday, May 14, 2016; 8:29   Romanticism encompasses both the freedom and the inherited misfortunes of the French Revolution and it spread throughout Europe for most of the nineteenth century. This new artistic movement sought...

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The Collapse of the US

The Collapse of the US

Written by Alfonso Elizondo Created on Monday, 28 March 2016 11:06   Although for many political and economic analysts, the final downfall of the North American giant - the United States of America - is a remote and long-term possibility, for well-known financial...

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Capitalism and Inequality

Capitalism and Inequality

Given the serious problems of migration into Europe, the economic, financial and political crises in most European nations, the US and most Latin American countries, it is fitting to refer to an interesting economic study undertaken by the young French...

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End of Traditional Politics

End of Traditional Politics

  End of Traditional Politics    After the primary election in Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, Illinois and Missouri, it is thought that the candidates of the two major political parties in the United States for elections next November will be Hilary Clinton for...

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DEMOCRATIC UTOPIA IN THE UNITED STATES

DEMOCRATIC UTOPIA IN THE UNITED STATES

DEMOCRATIC UTOPIA IN THE UNITED STATES   The spread of information regarding the presidential elections in the United States next November done by the mass media and hypermedia ishavinga profound effect and raising questions regarding the electoral mechanisms used by the Americans,...

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TRUMP IS A MENACE FOR WALL STREET.

TRUMP IS A MENACE FOR WALL STREET.

  After the incredible victory of Trump in the past 'Super Tuesday' electoral processes, it is a fact that the magnate, comedian and xenophobe will be the winning candidate for the Republican party to run for presidency of the United States...

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THE STATE VS THE FINANCIAL WORLD

THE STATE VS THE FINANCIAL WORLD

THE STATE VS THE FINANCIAL WORLD   Since the global dominance of neoliberalism started four decades ago, we have seen the tendency of central banks to reduce interest rates on deposits up to negative levels.This has been most evident in the cases...

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Oil Price Crisis

Oil Price Crisis

By Alfonso Elizondo    Created Friday February 5 2016 The company Bloomberg Business has compiled the average of 17 forecasts in different countries from which the conclusion is drawn that by the end of 2016 WTI oil price would reach $ 46...

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End of Growth in the United States

End of Growth in the United States

    By Alfonso Elizondo   Created Wednesday, January 27 2016 Although the vast majority of politicians and economists in the United States think that the growth of its economy is a permanent phenomenon since the American state was created in the late 18th century,...

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The End of Liberal Democracy

 The End of Liberal Democracy

      It is an evident fact that we are running towards the end of a time when democracy was compatible with capitalism, and Western society has enetered the phase of post-democratic capitalism. Also, the whole world is in the pressence of...

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USA: Towards a financial and economic co…

USA: Towards a financial and economic collapse

  By Alfonso Elizondo Created Monday January 11 2016   According to Alexander Higgins, a reliable  analysts working for the US Network, the last US economic figures show that the global banking crisis spread from Greece to other banks in Europe, until it generated...

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Geopolitics 2016

Geopolitics 2016

By Alfonso Elizondo Created Wednesday January 6 2016 After what happened last Monday January 4th in the global stock markets and the withdrawal of China in those same markets, they had to close prematurely after reaching a loss limit of 7% after...

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From economic crisis to geopolitical dis…

From economic crisis to geopolitical disaster

  From economic crisis to geopolitical disaster   By Alfonso Elizondo     Without any sign that the economic crisis ignited in 2008 is about to be over, new international tensions on the world political scene throughout the Western world  are on the rise. This tendency...

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Geopolitical conflicts in 2016 (Part II)

Geopolitical conflicts in 2016 (Part II)

Geopolitical conflicts in 2016 (Part II) By Alfonso Elizondo Created Monday December 28 2015 5. The TPP (TransPacific Partnership) is a project of trade agreement promoted by Obama in an attempts to link several nations with coastlines in the Pacific. These include Australia,...

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Geopolitical conflicts in 2016 (Part I)

Geopolitical conflicts in 2016 (Part I)

Geopolitical conflicts in 2016 (Part I) By Alfonso Elizondo Created Monday December 28 2015 During 2015 several conflicts erupted around the world that have not been resolved and will continue to represent a serious problem for peace and security in the world in...

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The FED raises the interest rates.

The FED raises the interest rates.

    By Alfonso Elizondo   On Wednesday September 16th, the US Federal Reserve (Fed) finally increased the interest rates, which had remained unchanged since 2006, from 0.25% to 0.50%. The financial authorities justified this by saying that the US economy is now strong...

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The Failure of Paris Summit

The Failure of Paris Summit

The Failure of Paris Summit By Alfonso Elizondo Created Wednesday December 16 2015 Almost all scientists have described the Paris summit as a fraud, displaying the huge gap between the main objective of the agreement, which was to maintain the increase of...

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The predecessors of ISIS

The predecessors of ISIS

    The predecessors of ISIS By Alfonso Elizondo Created Wednesday December 08, 2015 According to a public declaration made by the US General Wesley Clark, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), self-appointed universal Caliphate, is a cover operation created by Anglo-Israeli Zionist...

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Paris, Climate Apocalypse Summit

Paris, Climate Apocalypse Summit

Paris, Climate Apocalypse Summit  By Alfonso Elizondo Created Wednesday December 02 2015   The two-week meeting in Paris, between country leaders, environmentalists and experts on climate change · from 150 countries is the most important global event of the last decade. The huge problem that...

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ISIS, The Great Enigma

ISIS, The Great Enigma

ISIS, The Great Enigma Created Friday November 27 2015 By Alfonso Elizondo The terrorist group name ISIS comes from an acronym for Islamic State of Iraq and Syrias the acronym for the group’s full Arabic name comes from the initials of and Daesh in...

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The hidden origins of ISIS

The hidden origins of ISIS

The hidden origins of ISIS   Created Wednesday November 25 2015    By Alfonso Elizondo   The militant Islamic group, formerly known as Al Qaeda in Iraq is now the most feared terrorist groups the world. It has gathered ruthless extremists and advisers whose mission is...

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The Future of the New Islamic State (ISI…

The Future of the New Islamic State (ISIS)

  By Alfonso Elizondo On September 10th, shortly after ISIS took control of the last oil well in Syria, Raymond Wilcox, Nigerian Content Development General Manager at Chevron Nigeria Limited posted a comment on the web expressing the United States concerns in...

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The origins of Islamic Terrorism

The origins of Islamic Terrorism

  By Alfonso Elizondo The Sykes-Picot deal was a secret pact agreed between Great Britain and France with the support of Tsarist Russia and the Kingdom of Italy, and its main objective was to carry out the distribution of territories in the...

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